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Most Important Indian Military Bases Outside India

Indian Military Bases Outside India: In an interconnected world where geopolitical dynamics shape the course of nations, military presence beyond borders becomes a strategic imperative. India, a rising global power, has strategically positioned itself by establishing key military bases outside its borders. These outposts serve as vital hubs, projecting strength, ensuring security, and fostering diplomatic ties across regions.

In this blog, we delve into the intricate web of India’s military footprint beyond its shores, highlighting the most crucial bases that play pivotal roles in safeguarding national interests and contributing to global peacekeeping efforts. From the shores of the Indian Ocean to distant outposts in various corners of the world, these installations signify India’s commitment to regional stability, counter-terrorism efforts, and bolstering alliances.

Top Indian Military Bases Outside India

While India’s military presence abroad is not as extensive as some other global powers, it strategically maintains a network of military bases in key locations. Let’s explore the significance of Indian military bases in Tajikistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles, Oman, Sri Lanka, and Singapore.

Tajikistan (Farkhor Air Base and Ayni Air Base)

India’s military presence in Tajikistan is anchored at the Farkhor Air Base, near the Afghanistan border. Operational since 2002, the base epitomizes India’s commitment to regional security. Focused on counter-terrorism, the facility facilitates intelligence exchange and joint exercises. Beyond defense, it serves as a logistical hub for swift responses to humanitarian crises, showcasing India’s dedication to regional well-being.

Tajikistan’s strategic proximity to Afghanistan enhances the base’s significance, allowing India to monitor developments closely. The collaboration strengthens diplomatic ties and contributes to the broader goal of connectivity in Central Asia. The Farkhor Air Base symbolizes India’s multifaceted approach, encompassing security, diplomacy, and regional integration in the heart of Central Asia.

Nepal (Surkhet)

  • The Indian air force has set up an overseas air force. This airstrip also protects Nepal against all forms of aerial threats.

India’s military engagement with Nepal is characterized by historical ties and mutual trust, with no dedicated military base. Both nations conduct joint training exercises, bolstering their defense capabilities and fostering diplomatic relations. While no permanent base exists, the collaboration emphasizes shared security concerns and reinforces the stability of their extensive border. India’s military assistance plays a pivotal role in enhancing the Royal Nepalese Army’s capabilities, contributing to the sovereignty and security of Nepal.

The absence of a formal military base underscores the unique nature of India-Nepal relations, grounded in historical, cultural, and diplomatic affinities. The ongoing cooperation reflects a commitment to regional stability and shared interests, ensuring a robust defense partnership that extends beyond the confines of a traditional military base.

Bhutan (Haa)

  • The Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) permanently stationed in western Bhutan

India’s military engagement with Bhutan is characterized by strong diplomatic ties and a commitment to regional security. While there isn’t a dedicated Indian military base in Bhutan, the two nations maintain a unique relationship focused on mutual defense interests. India provides training and assistance to the Royal Bhutan Army, fostering a collaborative approach to ensure the sovereignty and security of Bhutan.

The absence of a formal base underscores the cooperative and interdependent nature of the defense partnership. This relationship extends beyond conventional military aspects, emphasizing joint efforts in disaster response, infrastructure development, and environmental conservation. India’s role in supporting Bhutan’s defense capabilities highlights the strategic importance of the bilateral ties in maintaining stability in the Himalayan region.

Mauritius (Agaléga)

  • India has been funding the construction of 3000 m long airfield with associated facilities to house troops.

While India doesn’t maintain a permanent military base in Mauritius, both nations collaborate closely on maritime security. The Agalega Island, although not a military base, serves as a key location for joint patrolling efforts, enhancing surveillance and protection of the Indian Ocean region. This cooperative engagement emphasizes India’s commitment to ensuring the safety of vital sea lanes and countering maritime threats. The collaboration with Mauritius aligns with India’s broader strategic vision in the Indian Ocean, contributing to regional stability and reinforcing diplomatic ties in the maritime domain.


  • A listening post and a radar facility in northern Madagascar

India’s military engagement with Madagascar is primarily focused on maritime security. While lacking a permanent military base, the cooperation centers around countering piracy and ensuring the safety of sea routes. The collaborative efforts contribute significantly to regional stability in the Indian Ocean. India’s engagement involves joint patrols and training initiatives, strengthening the capabilities of both nations in addressing maritime challenges. Although Madagascar may not host a formal military installation, the partnership underscores India’s commitment to fostering security and cooperation in the strategically important Indian Ocean region.

Seychelles (Mahe, Alphonse, Farquhar, Astove and Assumption Island)

  • Indian government supported construction of system with six coastal surveillance radars which are linked to the Indian surveillance system.

India’s military engagement with Seychelles is crucial for maritime security in the Indian Ocean, though it lacks a permanent military base. Instead, India focuses on strategic collaboration, utilizing Assumption Island to strengthen defense capabilities. The partnership involves joint patrols and surveillance operations, enhancing the security of vital sea routes. While not a traditional base, this cooperative effort reinforces Seychelles’ maritime resilience and contributes to regional stability. The agreement reflects India’s commitment to countering piracy and bolstering the capabilities of Indian Ocean littoral states, fostering stronger diplomatic ties and shared security interests in the region.

Oman (Ras al Hadd and Muscat)

  • A listening post and berthing rights for the Indian Navy

India’s military engagement with Oman is anchored at the Duqm Naval Base, symbolizing a strategic partnership in the Persian Gulf. While not a permanent base, Duqm serves as a key location for naval cooperation, facilitating joint exercises and enhancing maritime security. This collaboration underscores India’s commitment to securing sea routes, ensuring regional stability, and fostering diplomatic ties. The Duqm Naval Base acts as a strategic asset, allowing both nations to address common security challenges in the strategically vital Persian Gulf region. India’s presence in Oman contributes to the broader framework of maritime security and defense cooperation in the Middle East.

Sri Lanka (Hambantota)

  • In 2018, India bought a Sri Lankan Airbase to keep an eye on the Chinese Navy. It may be converted into a fully operational airbase of India in Sri Lanka and can be used in case of Chinese threats.

India’s military engagement with Sri Lanka is characterized by collaborative efforts in counter-terrorism and defense. While lacking a permanent base, India provides extensive training and support to the Sri Lankan armed forces. Joint exercises and intelligence sharing contribute significantly to regional security and stability. The relationship extends beyond traditional military aspects, emphasizing mutual interests in maritime security and disaster response. India’s engagement in Sri Lanka reflects a commitment to strengthening diplomatic ties and fostering regional cooperation. Though not hosting a formal military installation, Sri Lanka remains a key partner in India’s efforts to address common security challenges in the Indian Ocean region.

Singapore (Changi Naval Base)

  • In 2017, India and Singapore signed a bilateral agreement which will allow Indian Navy ships limited logistical support, including refueling.

India’s military ties with Singapore are bolstered by its naval presence, though no permanent base exists. The strategic partnership includes regular naval exercises and logistical support agreements, symbolizing shared maritime interests. The collaboration enhances India’s reach in the Indo-Pacific region, contributing to regional stability and security. While not hosting a formal military installation, Singapore serves as a significant ally for India in maintaining open sea lanes and countering common security threats. The defense cooperation reflects a commitment to fostering diplomatic relations and reinforcing India’s role in the evolving geopolitical landscape of the Indo-Pacific.



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